Athena, additionally spelled Athene, in Greek religion, the city protectress, goddess of war, craftsmanship, and useful reason, recognized by the Romans with Minerva. She was basically urban and edified, the direct opposite in numerous regards of Artemis, goddess of the outside. Athena was presumably a pre-Hellenic goddess and was later taken over by the Greeks. However the Greek economy, in contrast to that of the Minoans, was generally military, so Athena, while holding her prior local capacities, turned into a goddess of war.
She was the girl of Zeus, delivered without a mother, so she rose full-developed from his brow. There was an elective story that Zeus gulped Metis, the goddess of guidance, while she was pregnant with Athena, so Athena at last rose up out of Zeus. Being the most loved offspring of Zeus, she had incredible power.
Athena’s relationship with the acropolises of different Greek urban communities most likely originated from the area of the lords’ castles there. She was thought to have had neither associate nor posterity. She might not have been depicted as a virgin initially, however virginity was ascribed to her in all respects early and was the reason for the translation of her appellations Pallas and Parthenos. As a war goddess Athena couldn’t be ruled by different goddesses, for example, Aphrodite, and as a castle goddess she couldn’t be abused.
In Homer’s Iliad, Athena, as a war goddess, roused and battled nearby the Greek heroes; her guide was synonymous with military ability. Additionally in the Iliad, Zeus, the main god, explicitly appointed the circle of war to Ares, the divine force of war, and Athena. Athena’s good and military superiority to Ares got to a limited extent from the way that she spoke to the scholarly and edified side of war and the ideals of equity and ability, though Ares spoke to unimportant blood desire. Her superiority additionally got to a limited extent from the unfathomably more noteworthy assortment and significance of her capacities and from the energy of Homer’s forerunners, Ares being of remote starting point. In the Iliad, Athena was the awesome type of the heroic, military perfect: she embodied brilliance in close battle, triumph, and greatness. The characteristics that prompted triumph were found on the aegis, or breastplate, that Athena wore when she did battle: dread, conflict, safeguard, and ambush. Athena shows up in Homer’s Odyssey as the tutelary god of Odysseus, and fantasies from later sources depict her likewise as aide of Perseus and Heracles (Hercules). As the watchman of the welfare of lords, Athena turned into the goddess of good advice, of reasonable restriction and commonsense knowledge, just as of war.